Volvariella silky (Volvariella bombycina)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Pluteaceae
- Genus: Volvariella (Volvariella)
- Species: Volvariella bombycina (Volvariella silky)
Volvariella silky or Volvariella bombycina (Latin Volvariella bombycina ) is the most beautiful lamellar fungus growing on wood. The mushroom got its name due to the fact that mushrooms of this genus are covered with a kind of veil - volva. Among mushroom pickers, it is considered an edible mushroom, which is quite rare.
The mushroom is decorated with a bell-shaped scaly cap, reaching a diameter of eighteen centimeters. The mushroom plate becomes pinkish brown over time. The long stem of the mushroom at the base is significantly enlarged. Elliptical spores are pink in color. The lamellar layer of the fungus changes color from white to pinkish during growth.
Silky volvariella is rare for mushroom pickers. It is common in mixed forests and large natural parks. His favorite place for settlement chooses dead and weakened by diseases trunks of deciduous trees. Of the trees, preference is given to maple, willow and poplar. The period of active fruiting lasts from early July to late August.
Due to the color and fibrous structure of the cap, this mushroom is very difficult to confuse with other mushrooms. He has a very peculiar look.
Volvariela is suitable for fresh consumption after preliminary boiling. The broth is drained after cooking.
In many countries, this fairly rare species of fungus is included in the Red Data Books and in the lists of mushrooms protected from complete destruction.
The mushroom is known to professional mushroom pickers, but little known to inexperienced mushroom pickers and ordinary mushroom pickers, since it is rarely found.
Some types of volvariela can be cultivated artificially, allowing you to get a good harvest of this type of delicious mushroom.