Tubular chanterelle (Craterellus tubaeformis)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
- Order: Cantharellales (Chanterelle (Cantarella))
- Family: Cantharellaceae (Chanterelle)
- Genus: Craterellus (Funnelman)
- Species: Craterellus tubaeformis (Tubular chanterelle)
Funnel-shaped chanterelle (Cantharellus infundibuliformis)
Tubular chanterelle ( Latin Cantharellus tubaeformis ) is a mushroom of the chanterelle family (Cantharellaceae).
Small, in young mushrooms, even or convex, with age acquires a more or less funnel-shaped shape, stretches, which gives the whole mushroom a certain tube-like shape; diameter - 1-4 cm, in rare cases up to 6 cm. The edges of the cap are strongly tucked up, the surface is slightly irregular, covered with discreet fibers, slightly darker than the dull yellowish-brown surface. The flesh of the cap is relatively thin, firm, with a pleasant mushroom taste and smell.
The chanterelle hymenophore is a "false plate" that looks like a branched network of vein-like folds descending from the inner side of the cap to the pedicle. Color - light gray, discreet.
Light, grayish or yellowish.
Height 3-6 cm, thickness 0.3-0.8 cm, cylindrical, smoothly turning into a cap, yellowish or light brown, hollow.
The period of abundant fruiting begins at the end of August and lasts until the end of October. This mushroom prefers to live in mixed and coniferous forests, in large groups (colonies). Feels good on acidic soils in the forest.
The tubular chanterelle is not found in our area so often. What is the reason, in its general inconspicuousness, or is it really Cantharellus tubaeformis that is becoming a rarity, it is difficult to say. In theory, the tubular chanterelle forms a hymenophore with conifers (simply, spruce) in damp mossy forests, where it bears fruit in large groups in September-early October.
The yellowing chanterelle (Cantharellus lutescens) is also noted, which, unlike the tubular chanterelle, is devoid of even false plates, shining with an almost smooth hymenophore. It is even more difficult to confuse the tubular chanterelle with the rest of the mushrooms.
- Cantharellus cinereus is an edible gray chanterelle with a hollow fruiting body, gray-black color, and no ribs at the bottom.
- Common chanterelle. It is a close relative of funnel-shaped chanterelles, but differs in that it has a longer fruiting period (in contrast to funnel-shaped chanterelles, whose abundant fruiting occurs only in autumn).
It is equated to the real chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius), although it will hardly bring so much joy to the gastronome, and the esthete will not soon get bored to the same degree. Like all chanterelles, it is used mainly fresh, does not require preparatory procedures such as boiling, and also, according to writers, is not full of worms. Has a yellowish flesh, inexpressive raw taste. The smell of raw funnel-shaped chanterelles is also expressionless. Can be marinated, fried and boiled.
The tubular chanterelle is an exposure for the entire genus of chanterelles, which has begun to penetrate the family of real lamellar mushrooms. Some kind of carelessness, haste, unpreparedness can be seen from all this. The mushroom seems to have grown itself plates - but from the very first glance it is clear that they are not real. The veins are somehow intertwined, insincere. And, if I may say so, "hat"? It can be seen with the naked eye that some semblance of a hat was made hastily from a "single mushroom funnel", into which the tubular chanterelle strives to turn at every opportunity, putting its curator in a very awkward position. In general, the second - after the real chanterelle, yellow and bright - the attempt to infiltrate undercover completely failed. Therefore, probably, this mushroom cannot be found anywhere, except for special places, about which very few people also know.