Chestnut flywheel (Boletus ferrugineus)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Boletales
- Family: Boletaceae
- Genus: Boletus (Borovik)
- Species: Boletus ferrugineus (Chestnut moss)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Flywheel brown
Flywheel dark brown
The chestnut flywheel (Latin Boletus ferrugineus ) is an edible tubular fungus of the third category of the Boletov family. The name is given to the mushroom because of its frequent germination in moss. The family of mushrooms is not very nutritious.
The chestnut moss grows everywhere, it is often found. Prefers mixed forests, grows in conifers. Loves acidic soils. Most often it grows in large groups. Mycorrhizal forming agent (usually with birch, spruce, less often with beech and bearberry).
The species of this mushroom grows in huge numbers and is widespread. The distribution area covers the European part of Russia and the vast Belarusian forests. In appearance, this mushroom is similar to the related green flywheel and red flywheel, which differ from it in the color of their parts. The fungus often grows in colonies in forests of various mixed types, as well as along embankments and forest paths. It occurs mainly in summer and autumn. In damp weather, it acquires a whitish mold coating that infects other nearby fungi.
The fruiting body is a pronounced stem and cap.
The caps of young mushrooms have a hemispherical shape, then become more vague, outstretched. Dimensions - up to 8-10 centimeters. The color ranges from yellow, light brown to olive. In rainy weather, the cap can be dark brown in color, and a white coating is often formed on it. If other mushrooms grow nearby, plaque from the flywheel can pass to them. In mature mushrooms, the velvety skin becomes covered with light cracks. The fungal tubular layer has rather large pores. The light pulp does not change its color when exposed to it; as the fungus grows, it becomes soft.
The flesh of the mushroom is very juicy, while on the cut it does not change its color, remaining whitish-creamy. In young mushrooms, the flesh is hard, tough, in mature ones, it is soft, a bit like a sponge.
The stem of the mushroom is in the shape of a cylinder, reaching a height of about 8-10 centimeters. In some specimens, it can be quite curved. The color is olive, yellowish, below - with a pink or slightly brown tint. The spore powder that appears during active fruiting has a pale brown color.
Chestnut Mossworm grows in summer and autumn, the season is from late June to late October.
By edibility, it belongs to the 3rd category.
Chestnut moss is well known to amateurs and experienced mushroom pickers. It has excellent taste. The mushroom can be boiled, fried, it is suitable for pickling and pickling. It is added to various soups and mushroom sauces. It can also be served on the festive table as a decoration.
Mushroom pickers appreciate the Chestnut Mosswheel for its excellent taste, using it boiled and fried. It can also be used for pickling, pickling.
Species similar to it are variegated moss and green moss. In the first species, there is a pigment layer that changes color under the cap, but in the green flywheel, when cut, the pulp acquires a yellowish tint.