Goat (Suillus bovinus)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Boletales
- Family: Suillaceae (Oily)
- Genus: Suillus (Oily)
- Species: Suillus bovinus (Goat)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Dry oil can
- Goat mushroom
- Cow mushroom
Dry oil can
- Cow mushroom
Goat (Latin Suillus bovinus) is a tubular mushroom of the genus Oily of the order Boletovye.
Goat (Suillus bovinus) grows in pine and spruce forests in July - September. Distributed mainly in areas with a temperate climate. It has a characteristic cap, usually slightly slimy and sticky, in comparison with other types of butter. Goat, like all boletus, a mycorrhizal forming agent, grows with conifers (usually with pine). Most often found on sandy soils, especially abundant in young artificial pine plantations. After heavy torrential rains, they appear in large groups, which pleases, especially in the absence of other mushrooms.
The goat looks like a flywheel, only its cap is very convex, covered from above like brown skin, slightly sticky. Rusty tubular layer, does not separate from the cap. The leg is the same color as the hat. The pulp is yellowish, slightly reddens at the break.
Kozlyak is the record holder for worminess. A common picture is a carpet of Kozlyaki on the forest floor, but there is practically nothing to take. And even if, after cutting off the mushroom, we see a clean cut, this does not mean that the cap is clean. In half the cases, it will be wormy. Therefore, having checked a dozen or two goats for worminess, you are completely disappointed in them and you stop collecting altogether.
Drying the goat:wipe young, intact specimens of mushrooms with a cloth. It is imperative to cut the cap - it is she who happens to be inside the worm-like without any other signs of damage. You do not need to wash, as mushrooms do not dry well. On hot days, the grates can be dried in the sun by first stringing them on a string. In inclement weather, this procedure is performed in ovens. The temperature in them should not exceed 70 degrees. A prerequisite for drying is the supply of fresh air, which helps to remove moisture released by the mushrooms. Mushroom powder can be easily prepared from the resulting raw materials. It is simply ground in an ordinary coffee grinder or pounded in a mortar. The mushroom powder obtained in this way is very good for dressing meat, rice dishes and sauces. Usually, the aroma of mushrooms increases during drying, so the powder is put in minimal doses.