Scale golden (Pholiota aurivella)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Strophariaceae (Strophariaceae)
- Genus: Pholiota (Scaly)
- Species: Pholiota aurivella (Golden scales)
Scale golden yellow
- Royal honey
- The scale is thick
- Sebaceous scale
- Pholiota adiposa
- Hypodendrum adiposum
- Dryophila adiposa
Golden scaly (Pholiota aurivella) is a mushroom of the Stropharia family, belonging to the Scale genus. Pholiota aurivella Golden scales , growing in large groups on or near deciduous trunks. Fruiting - August-September (in the Primorsky Territory - from May to September). Distributed throughout Russia.
The cap is 5-18 cm in ∅, broadly bell-shaped , flat-round with age , dense, dirty-golden or rusty-yellow with reddish flaky scales scattered over the entire surface. The plates are wide, adhered to the peduncle with a tooth, at first light straw-yellow, when ripe they are olive-brown-brown.
The pulp is whitish-yellowish .
Leg 7-10 cm high, 1-1.5 cm ∅, dense, yellowish-brown, with brown-rusty scales and fibrous ring, disappearing in maturity.
Season and habitat of the fungus
Scale golden bears fruit from late spring to autumn, grows mainly in groups, in deciduous forests, on dead wood. Most often you can find a mushroom of this species in China, but golden scales are also common in Russia, Japan, European countries, Australia and North America.
Golden scale (Pholiota aurivella) belongs to edible mushrooms. Its fruiting bodies contain a large amount of fat, protein, vitamins, sugar, mineral components (among which there are sodium, magnesium, calcium, ferrum). There are 3 times more of these components in the pulp of the described mushroom than in other types of mushrooms.
Golden flakes are superior to other types of useful and medicinal mushrooms in the amount of amino acids essential for the human body.
Similar types and differences from them
There are no similar species in golden scales.
Video about the mushroom Golden scales:
Other information about the mushroom
The surface of the fruit bodies of golden scales (Pholiota aurivella) is covered with mucus, which is of great benefit to the human body, helping to restore energy balance and mental abilities. The experiments carried out by mycologists made it possible to determine that the pulp of sebaceous scales has an immunostimulating effect. The consumption of this mushroom in food helps to comprehensively regulate the activity of the immune system of the human body.