Pearl raincoat (Lycoperdon perlatum)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Agaricaceae (Champignon)
- Genus: Lycoperdon (Raincoat)
- Species: Lycoperdon perlatum (Pearl raincoat)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Edible raincoat
- The raincoat is real
- Thorny raincoat
The raincoat is real
Usually, the actual raincoat is called young dense mushrooms, which have not yet formed a powdery mass of spores ("dust"). They are also called: bee sponge , hare potatoes , and a ripe mushroom - flap , puff , dust collector , grandfather's tobacco , wolf tobacco , tobacco mushroom , damn tavlinka , etc.
The fruiting body of raincoats is pear-shaped or club-shaped. The fruit spherical part is 20 to 50 mm in diameter. The lower cylindrical part, sterile, 20 to 60 mm high and 12 to 22 mm thick. In a young mushroom, the fruit body is prickly-warty, white. In mature mushrooms, it becomes brown, ocher and naked. In young fruiting bodies, Gleb is elastic and white. The puffball differs from the cap mushrooms in a spherical fruiting body.
The fruit body is covered with a two-layer shell. Outside, the shell is smooth, inside - leathery. The surface of the fruiting body of the present slicker is covered with small thorns, which distinguishes the mushroom from the pear-shaped slicker, which at a young age have the same white color as the mushroom itself. The spikes are very easily detached at the slightest touch.
After drying and ripening of the fruit body, white Gleb turns into an olive-brown spore powder. The powder comes out through the hole formed in the top of the spherical part of the mushroom.
A pearl raincoat can be with or without a barely noticeable leg.
young raincoats have a loose, white body. Young mushrooms are good for consumption. Mature mushrooms have a powdery body, brown in color. Mushroom pickers call mature raincoats - "damn tobacco". Old Raincoats are not eaten.
warty, spherical, light olive-brown color.
The pearl puffball is found in coniferous and deciduous forests from June to November.
A little-known edible delicious mushroom. Raincoats and dust covers are edible until they lose their whiteness. Young fruit bodies are eaten, the Gleb of which is elastic and white. It is best to fry this mushroom, cutting it into slices.
Golovach oblong (elongated raincoat) (Lycoperdon excipuliforme)has the same pear-shaped and clavate fruit body as the Edible Raincoat. But, unlike a real raincoat, a hole does not form on its top, but the entire upper part disintegrates, after the disintegration only a sterile leg remains. And all the other signs are very similar, Gleb is also dense and white at first. With age, Gleb turns into a dark brown spore powder. Golovach is prepared in the same way as a raincoat.
These mushrooms are familiar to everyone, but almost no one picks them. When you knock off the white balls, brown clouds of smoke rise upward - the spores of these mushrooms scatter. This species was called a raincoat because very often it grows after rains. Until the raincoats inside turned green, these are delicious mushrooms. Italians consider this species to be the tastiest of mushrooms. But when Gleb becomes greenish, the mushroom becomes cottony and tasteless, but not poisonous. Therefore, the harvested mushrooms cannot be stored for a long time, even plucked ones turn green very quickly.