Common fun (Phallus impudicus)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Phallomycetidae (Veselkovye)
- Order: Phallales (Merry)
- Family: Phallaceae (Veyolkovye)
- Genus: Phallus (Veselka)
- Species: Phallus impudicus (Common Veselka)
- Damn egg
- Witches egg
- Earth oil
Fruit body of the Veselka: Veselka has two stages of development. The first - the mushroom has an ovoid shape, 3-5 cm wide and 4-6 cm high, the color is off-white, yellowish. There is something slimy under the dense peel of the vest, and a more rigid structure is felt under the mucus. Veselka stays in the egg stage for a very long time, possibly several weeks. Then the egg cracks, and the egg begins to grow upward at high speed (up to 5 mm per minute). Soon a fruiting body with a high (10-15 cm, sometimes more) hollow stem and a small adjoining cap, covered with brown-olive mucus, is formed. Under the mucus, the cap has a cellular structure, which is noticeable at a more mature age, when the mucus is eaten by flies. Having emerged from the egg stage, the common berry gives off a very strong carrion odor that attracts insects.
Spore Powder: Dissolved in the brown mucus covering the cap; by eating mucus, insects carry spores.
Distribution: Veselka "eggs" appear in mid-July; hat-shaped fruiting bodies develop somewhat later. Grows in grass, bushes, in deciduous woodlands. Obviously prefers rich soil.
Similar species: At the stage of an egg, the common veselka can be confused with any pseudo-raincoat or other representative of the veselkovy family; a mature mushroom is so characteristic that it is impossible to confuse it with any other mushroom even with all the desire.
Edible: It is believed that in the egg stage the mushroom is edible; lovers, presumably, are few. At the same time, it should be noted that veselka is actively used in folk medicine - in particular, as a means that increases potency (which is not surprising, given the characteristic appearance and growth rate of the fungus).
Video about mushroom Veselka ordinary:
Author's remarks: An amazing incongruity: a vest can lie like an unchanged egg for a month, and then grow twenty centimeters in one night! How many times have I found large mushroom "eggs" filled with suspicious mucus under the bushes, in the garden, in the field, marked the places, arranged shifts - the veselka did not want to show up. All mushroom dreams, including the craziest ones, came true in the blessed summer of 2003 - Veselka herself found me at the edge of the forest, warning me of her appearance with a suffocating stench. When I saw a shamelessly sticking out fan, I was so surprised that I could not find anything smarter than touching a hat with my finger - my finger stank all day. This is the strength of the jolly!