Titmouse (Lepista sordida)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Lepista (Lepista)
- Species: Lepista sordida (Titmouse)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- The row is dirty
- Weed row
- Lepista dirty
- Lepist weed
Lepista is dirty;
Titmouse (Lepista sordida) is a poorly studied mushroom belonging to the Tricholomov family (Ryadovkov) and the Ryadovok genus.
Titmouse (Lepista sordida) is a mushroom that grows singly or in small groups. In colonies, the fruit bodies of this species grow together with the base of the legs.
The cap of this mushroom can be 3-8 cm in diameter. Its shape in young mushrooms is more often spherical, and in mature fruiting bodies it becomes widespread, characterized by a lilac or brown-purple hue, and eventually loses the brightness of colors. It can also be brownish or red-brown in color, slightly ribbed, has barely noticeable stripes on the surface. In its central part, a tubercle is visible in mature mushrooms. At the edges, the head of a dirty row can be wavy. In immature mushrooms, the edges of the cap are often turned up, gradually straighten, becoming wavy, and even when ripe can even be bent upward. The mushroom pulp near the dirty row is very thin, oversaturated with moisture, has a pleasant aroma and taste, and is characterized by a gray-purple color.
The fungal hymenophore is lamellar, and its constituent elements (plates) grow together with the surface of the fruiting body with a tooth, have a dirty purple tint, and are often located. Spore powder in this type of mushroom is characterized by a pinkish color.
The leg of a dirty row reaches 4-6 cm in length, and can be from 0.7 to 1 cm in thickness. It is characterized by strong fiber and the same color as the cap, has a cylindrical shape, located in the center. Near the base, the leg may expand slightly. In young fruiting bodies of a row of dirty, the leg is dense, complete, and in ripe mushrooms it becomes empty inside.
Season and habitat of the fungus
Grows in gardens, orchards, parks, squares, on the edges of forests or not deep in light forests. Can be found in meadows. Grows in a group / bunch of several fruiting bodies, rarely occurs singly.
The most active fruiting of this type of rowing begins in July and continues until the end of September.
Despite little popularity among fans of mushroom picking, the titmouse mushroom belongs to the edible category. It is advisable to boil it before eating it, but the broth from it is not suitable for consumption and therefore it is better to pour it out. Also, dirty rows are tasty when pickled.
Similar types and differences from them
In appearance, the dirty rowing (Lepista sordida) looks like a purple rowing. Its main difference from the named mushroom is thinner, not fleshy pulp and fragility. In addition, in dirty rows, the caps fade, and the pulp of the purple row has a characteristic fruit smell. The dimensions of the fruit bodies in dirty rows are smaller than in purple ones. The purple row forms "witch circles" and rows, and the Dirty one - in small heaps.