The method of growing oyster mushrooms has its own characteristics. These mushrooms need a lot of daylight, so they can be grown not only in the greenhouse, like champignons, but also directly in the open field. This requires the actual mycelium (mycelium) and wood.
For breeding oyster mushrooms, stumps left over from fruit deciduous trees growing on the site are most often adapted. A disc 4-6 centimeters thick is cut from the top of the stump, and the cut is treated with a special paste. Its layer should be 5 to 8 millimeters. Then the cut disc is put in place and nailed on both sides. To prevent the mycelium from drying out and dying, the stump is covered with grass, branches or coniferous spruce branches. Film is also suitable for this. If the weather is hot, the stump must be additionally watered with clean water. In May or June, the mycelium must be grafted, and in the fall the first crop can be harvested. Mushrooms will appear until the onset of frost. But the peak yield will be in the second year. The stump is able to grow oyster mushrooms until it finally collapses from time to time.
Shiitake is bred in the same way as oyster mushrooms, which were discussed just above. This mushroom feels at ease in the shade, near fountains, springs, ponds and other bodies of water. It does not harm the garden, so summer residents are happy to grow it. Quite unpretentious, grows remarkably on logs slightly submerged with water, or even sawdust. He loves warmth, but survives at temperatures of + 4 degrees, but frosts are fatal for him.
Shiitake tastes very good; after boiling, its cap remains dark. The mushroom is also valued for its medicinal properties. It supports human immunity, and with prolonged use in food is even able to resist cancer cells.