Hay dung beetle (Panaeolina foenisecii)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Psathyrellaceae (Psatirellaceae)
- Genus: Panaeolina (Paneolina)
- Species: Panaeolina foenisecii (Hay dung)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Paneolus hay
Collection time: grows from spring to early December, best in September and October.
Location: Singly or in groups in low grass. in lawns, fields, river valleys or fertile pastures.
Sizes: 8 - 25 mm ∅, 8 - 16 mm high.
Shape: first from semicircular to broadly conical, then bell-shaped, many at the end in the shape of an umbrella, but never flat.
Color: from beige - yellow to cinnamon color, with a light brown surface, shiny when dry. Dark reddish brown when wet.
Surface: Soft, grooved if damp, torn and scaly if dry, especially on older specimens.
Sizes: 20 - 80 mm high, 3 - 4 mm ∅.
Shape: straight and uniform, sometimes slightly flat.
Color: light, with a reddish tinge, if dry, turns brown when damp. The cap is always lighter than the cap, especially in the upper part and in young specimens, brownish at the base.
Surface: smooth, hollow, brittle, brittle. Without a ring.
Color: pale brown and mottled (spores do not form everywhere), with white edges, darkens to black specks (when spores are ripe and fall out), much browner than Panaeolus species (bell-shaped dung beetles).
Location: relatively close to each other, widely fused with the stem, adnаt.
This mushroom can be easily confused with the equally inedible Panaeolus papilionaceus.
ACTIVITY: low to medium.