And what about the boletus, chanterelles, saffron milk caps, milk mushrooms and other noble and popular mushrooms among the people?
Unfortunately, it will not work to grow a crop of noble mushrooms, aspen mushrooms, boletus, mushrooms, mushrooms and chanterelles on your personal plot, you don't even have to try to do it. And the point here is that these fungi, which form mycorrhiza on the roots of trees, are not able to live or develop outside their native breed. Helping trees to extract inorganic substances from the earth, they, in turn, receive glucose and other nutrition from them. For mushrooms, such a union is vital, but at the same time, it is very fragile and outside interference immediately destroys it.
So, even if you manage to settle boletus mushrooms in the garden, moving them there along with a spruce, pine or oak, then it is unlikely that something will come of it. The chances for the success of the enterprise are so small that it is not worth even trying, pulling the mycelium out of the usual forest environment.
But still there is a way out. One of the ways is pretty widely covered on the net. They say that this is how mushrooms and boletus were grown at the beginning of the last century. And they did it on an industrial scale. This technology involves the use of those porcini mushrooms that have already become overripe. They must be placed in a bowl or tub made of wood and filled with rain or spring water. Wait twenty-four hours, and then mix everything thoroughly and strain the mass through cheesecloth. As a result of the manipulations, a solution is formed, which contains a huge number of fungal spores. This liquid should be watered those trees in the garden under which it is planned to grow noble mushrooms.
There is one more technique. You need to go to the forest or a nearby planting and find a family of porcini mushrooms there. Then very carefully and carefully dig out the pieces of the overgrown mycelium. Select trees on the site, dig small holes under them and place fragments of mycelium brought from the wild there. Their size should be comparable to the size of a chicken egg. Cover the top with a layer of forest soil (thickness - 2-3 centimeters). Then the planting needs to be watered a little, but not filled with water, so as not to destroy the mycelium. From excess moisture, it will simply rot. And then you need to look at the weather and, in the absence of rain, additionally moisten the ground under the trees using a garden watering can or a hose with a spray nozzle. For mushroom "seedlings" not only mycelium is suitable, but also the caps of overripe boletus.The area for the mushroom plot must be dug up and loosened. The hats are cut into small cubes with a side of one centimeter, thrown into the ground and gently mixed with the ground. After planting, the soil should be lightly watered.
You can also plant slightly dried porcini mushrooms. They are laid out on the prepared soil under the trees, watered, and after seven days they are removed. The mechanism is simple: after watering, the spores from the cap will move into the ground and, possibly, attach to the tree roots, and there it will reach the formation of a fruiting body.
It's not a fact that the methods described above will work at all. But even if successful, the mushroom harvest should be expected in a year, next summer or autumn. And then it will be only single mushrooms, and not friendly families of boletus. But next season, you can count on rich mushroom picks.