Mushroom spatula (Spathularia flavida)Systematics:
- Department: Ascomycota (Ascomycetes)
- Subdivision: Pezizomycotina (Pesizomycotins)
- Class: Leotiomycetes (Leocyomycetes)
- Subclass: Leotiomycetidae (Leocyomycetes)
- Order: Rhytismatales
- Family: Cudoniaceae (Kudoniaceae)
- Genus: Spathularia (Spatularia)
- Species: Spathularia flavida (mushroom spatula)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Spatularia yellowish
- Spatula yellow
- Clavaria spatulata
- Helvella spatulata
- Spathularia clavata
- Spathularia flava
- Spathularia crispata
- Club-shaped spatula (Lopatička kyjovitá, Czech.)
Mushroom scapula (Spathularia flavida) The mushroom scapula belongs to the Heloci family, the genus of scapula (Spatularia).
The height of the fruiting body of yellowish Spathularia (Spathularia flavida) varies in the range of 30-70 mm, and the width is from 10 to 30 mm. In shape, this mushroom resembles an oar or spatula. Its pedicle expands in the upper part, becoming clavate. Its length can be 29-62 mm, and its diameter is up to 50 mm. The very leg of the yellowish pastularia can be either straight or sinuous, cylindrical in shape. The fruiting body often descends on both sides along a well-defined stalk. At the bottom, the surface of the leg is rough, and at the top it is smooth. In color, the fruit body is both pale yellow and deep yellow. There are specimens with a honey-yellow, yellow-orange, golden color.
The mushroom pulp is fleshy, juicy, tender, more dense in the area of the leg. Mushroom spatula (Spathularia flavida) Mushroom spatula has a pleasant and light mushroom smell.
Single-celled needle-like spores are 35-43 * 10-12 microns in size. Placed in 8-piece club-shaped bags. The color of the spore powder is white.
Season and habitat of the fungus
Mushroom spatula (Spathularia flavida) Mushroom spatula grows either singly or in small groups. The fungus of this species is found in mixed or coniferous forests, develops on a coniferous litter. He is a cosmopolitan, can form whole colonies - witch circles. Begins to bear fruit in July and continues until September.
There is conflicting evidence as to whether the yellowish spatularia is suitable for human consumption. This mushroom has been little studied, and therefore it is considered conditionally edible. Some mycologists classify it as an inedible mushroom.
Similar types and differences from them
Mushroom spatula (Spathularia flavida) The mushroom spatula has several similar, related species. For example, Spathularia neesii (Spatularia Nessa), which differs from the described species in elongated spores and red-brown shades of the fruiting body.
Spathulariopsis velutipes (Spatulariopsis velvety-leg), which has a matte, brownish surface.
Other information about the mushroom
Mushroom spatula (Spathularia flavida) The mushroom spatula is widespread in Western Siberia. According to the data of numerous phylogenetic studies, yellowish spatularia belong to a complex of species that cannot be distinguished only by morphological characters. All species of fungi belonging to the genus Spatularia are considered to be related to another genus - Cudonia. It is likely that in the coming years these two species will be merged into one.