Log gleophyllum (Gloeophyllum trabeum)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
- Order: Gloeophyllales (Gleophyllous)
- Family: Gloeophyllaceae (Gleophyllaceae)
- Genus: Gloeophyllum (Gleophyllum)
- Species: Gloeophyllum trabeum (Gleophyllum log)
Log gleophyllum belongs to the large family of gleophylls.
Grows on all continents (excluding only Antarctica). In Russia, it is everywhere, but most often specimens are found in deciduous forests. It prefers to grow on valezha, often on stumps, and grows on processed wood (oak, elm, aspen). It also grows in conifers, but much less often.
It is widespread on wooden buildings, and in this capacity, log gleofllum can be found more often than in nature (hence the name). On buildings made of wood, it forms powerful fruiting bodies, often of an ugly appearance.
Season: all year round.
An annual mushroom of the Gleophyllaceae family, but it can winter and grow for two to three years.
Peculiarity of the species: in the hymenophore of the fungus there are pores of various sizes; the surface of the cap is characterized by the presence of slight pubescence. It is confined mainly to deciduous tree species. Causes brown rot.
The fruiting bodies of the gleophyllum are of a log type, sessile. Usually mushrooms are collected in small groups, in which they can grow together sideways. But there are also single specimens.
Hats reach sizes up to 8-10 cm, thickness - up to 5 mm. The surface of young mushrooms is pubescent, uneven, and of mature ones it is rough, with a coarse bristle. Coloring - brown, brown, at an older age - grayish.
The hymenophore in log gleophyllum has both pores and plates. Color - reddish, gray, tobacco, brownish. The walls are thin, the shape is different in configuration and size.
The pulp is very thin, slightly leathery, brown with a reddish shade.
Spores are in the form of a cylinder, one edge is slightly pointed.
Similar species: from gleophyllum - oblong gleophyllum (but its pores have thick walls, and the surface of the cap is bare, does not have pubescence), and from Dedaliopsis it is similar to Dedaliopsis tuberous (differs in caps and the type of hymenophore).
The mushroom is inedible.
In a number of European countries (France, Great Britain, Netherlands, Latvia) it is included in the Red Lists.