Melanoleuca black and white (Melanoleuca melaleuca) photo and description

Melanoleuca black and white (Melanoleuca melaleuca)

  • Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
  • Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
  • Genus: Melanoleuca (Melanoleuca)
  • Species: Melanoleuca melaleuca (Melanoleuca black and white)

Other names:

  • Melanoleuca cognata

  • Melanoleuca vulgaris

  • Melanolevka ordinary

  • Melanoleica related

Melanoleuca melaleuca

Melanoleuca black and white is an edible lamellar mushroom that grows singly from late July to mid September. Most often, it can be found in open areas of mixed and deciduous forests, in gardens, parks, meadows and along roadsides.


The cap of the mushroom is convex; in the process of growth it gradually flattens, becoming prostrate, with a slight bulge in the middle. Its diameter is about 10 cm. The surface of the cap is smooth, matte, with a slightly pubescent edge, painted in a grayish brown color. In hot dry summers it fade to a pale brown color, retaining its original color only in the center.


The plates are very frequent, narrow, widened in the middle, adherent, first white and then beige.


Spore powder is white. Spores ovoid-ellipsoidal, rough.


The stem is thin, rounded, 5-7 cm long and about 0.5-1 cm in diameter, slightly widened, with a nodule or curved base, dense, fibrous, longitudinally ribbed, with longitudinal black fibers-hairs, brownish-brownish. Its surface is matt, dry, brownish in color, on which longitudinal black furrows are clearly visible.


The flesh in the cap is soft, loose, elastic in the stem, fibrous, initially light gray, brown in mature mushrooms. Has a subtle spicy scent.

Melanoleuca melaleuca

Places and times of collection

Melanoleuca black and white most often settles on rotting brushwood and fallen trees in forests.

In deciduous and mixed forests, parks, gardens, meadows, clearings, forest edges, in light, usually grassy places, along the roadsides. Singles and in small groups, not often.

In the Moscow region, it is often found throughout the region from May to October.


Edible mushroom

It is considered an edible mushroom, used fresh (boiled for about 15 minutes).

No poisonous species are found among representatives of the genus Melanoleuca

It is better to collect only caps that can be boiled or fried, the legs are fibrous-rubbery, inedible.

The mushroom is edible, little known. Eaten fresh and salted.