Garden entoloma (Entoloma clypeatum)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Entolomataceae (Entolomaceae)
- Genus: Entoloma (Entoloma)
- Species: Entoloma clypeatum (Garden entoloma)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Entoloma edible
- Thyroid pink plate
- Entoloma thyroid
- Entoloma scutellum
- Thorny entoloma
- Entoloma forest
Thyroid pink plate
The hat of the garden entoloma is from 7 to 10 (and even 12) cm in diameter.In youth it is bell-conical or convex, then it is unevenly spread and convex-concave, often with a tubercle, smooth, sticky in the rain, darker, in dry weather - silky fibrous, lighter. Its edge is uneven (wavy), sometimes with cracks.
The color of the cap varies from whitish-gray, beige and gray-brownish to grayish and gray-brown. The plates of the entoloma are wide, rather sparse, adherent to the pedicle with a tooth, with a serrated edge, of unequal length.
In adolescence, entolomas are whitish, then become pale pink, dirty pink or gray-brownish, and in old age they acquire a reddish tint. The pinkness of the plates is the main distinguishing feature of all enthol. A cylindrical, often curved, often twisted leg reaches a height of 10, sometimes 12 cm, in thickness - from 1 to 2 (and even 4) cm.It is brittle, longitudinally ribbed, solid, in old age, hollow, sometimes twisted, slightly under the cap furrowed.
The leg is whitish, pinkish or grayish in color. And its slightly thickened base is lighter. The ring on the leg is always missing. The pulp of entoloma is dense or soft, fibrous, white or brownish, with a weak mealy taste and smell, or even bland.
Spore powder of pink color.
HABITAT AND GROWTH TIME:
Entoloma orchard grows in deciduous and mixed forests under rowan, birch and oak trees - on nutrient-rich soil, along roads, in meadows, in gardens and on city lawns. In the garden it often grows under fruit trees (apple and pear) and bushes of roses, rose hips, hawthorns and blackthorns.
It is widespread and common on the territory of the Leningrad region and in St. Petersburg, although it grows pointwise - from the last five days of May to the end of July with the most massive fruiting in June and in a wet, cool summer - and in July. It often produces not one but several short layers. Garden entoloma rarely appears alone, usually grows in groups, often in large.
There is a very similar mushroom - the edible entoloma, pale brown (Entoloma sepium) with a creamy, brownish-gray and even gray-brownish-greenish cap, emarginate-descending plates, white, shiny, long-fibered stem. Grows on lawns, gardens and bushes from late May to June.
The main task is not to confuse these two edible entoloma with Entoloma poisonous or tin (Entoloma sinuatum). The main differences of E. poisonous: a larger size (a cap up to 20 cm in diameter), a lighter (dirty-whitish, creamy gray, grayish-ocher and yellowish) cap with an easily removable skin, yellowish (in youth) plates, thicker ( up to 3 cm in diameter), a clavate leg, one-color with a cap, and a faint unpleasant smell of pulp. But this smell can be almost imperceptible. Not found in the north of Russia.
There are two more relatively similar poisonous entolomas. Entoloma pushed through (Entoloma rhodopolium) with a thin yellow-creamy, gray or brownish cap and ammonia odor. It grows from August to early October. And Entoloma spring is darker, shallower, slender and growing from the end of April to the last five days of May, that is, it does not overlap with Entoloma Sadovaya in terms of timing.
This is a conditionally edible mushroom. Entoloma should be boiled for 20 minutes, and then put into a roast, salted or pickled. In southern Russia, dishes made from it are from the category of traditional mushroom dishes, and in Western Europe, it is considered one of the best mushrooms.
Video about the mushroom Entoloma garden:
The word "clypeatum" in the name of the mushroom means "shaped like a shield." Widely distributed on the globe: Western Europe, Ukraine, European Russia and North America. Appears in warm regions in April. The genus Entoloma has 153 species, among them there are edible mushrooms, but in order to use them for food, you need to be an experienced mushroom picker. The clearest photographs and the best descriptions cannot save you from error, so be careful with these mushrooms!