Field champignon (Agaricus arvensis)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Agaricaceae (Champignon)
- Genus: Agaricus (Champignon)
- Species: Agaricus arvensis (Field Champignon)
Season and place:
In summer and autumn, field champignon grows on lawns and glades, in gardens, near hedges. In the forest there are related mushrooms with the smell of anise and yellowing pulp.
It is widely distributed and grows abundantly on soil, mainly in open spaces overgrown with grass - in meadows, forest glades, along roadsides, in clearings, in gardens and parks, less often in pastures. It is found both in the plains and in the mountains. Fruit bodies appear singly, in groups or in large groups; often form arcs and rings. Often grows next to nettles. Rare near trees; the exception is spruce. Distributed throughout Russia. Common in the northern temperate zone.
Season: from late May to mid-October-November.
A significant part of the poisoning occurs as a result of the fact that the field champignon is confused with the white amanita. One should be especially careful with young specimens, whose records have not yet turned pink and brown. It looks like a sheep's and poisonous red mushroom, as it is found in the same places.
Poisonous Yellow-skinned Champignon (Agaricus xanthodermus) - a smaller species of champignon, is often found, especially in the plantings of white acacia, from July to October. Differs in an unpleasant ("pharmacy") smell of carbolic acid. When broken, especially along the edge of the cap and at the base of the leg, its flesh quickly turns yellow.
It has similarities with many other types of mushrooms (Agaricus silvicola, Agaricus campestris, Agaricus osecanus, etc.), differing mainly in larger sizes. Curve mushroom (Agaricus abruptibulbus) is most similar to it, which, however, grows in spruce forests, and not in open and light places.
Excellent edible mushroom . Many mushroom connoisseurs prefer it to all other mushrooms.
In English, known as the " horse mushroom » (Horse Mushroom); perhaps due to the fact that this mushroom often grows near stables, on manured soil.