Gingerbread (Lactarius deliciosus)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
- Order: Russulales
- Family: Russulaceae (Russula)
- Genus: Lactarius (Miller)
- Species: Lactarius deliciosus (Ginger (Ginger))
Gingerbread (lat. Lactarius deliciosus ) or simply Gingerbread differs well from other mushrooms.
The hat is 3 - 15 cm in diameter, thick-fleshed, flat at first, then funnel-shaped, the edges are rolled inward, smooth, slightly slimy, red or whitish-orange in color with darker concentric circles (variety - pine mushroom) or orange with clear bluish-green tone and the same concentric circles (variety - spruce mushroom), when touched it turns greenish-blue.
The pulp is orange, then greenish brittle, sometimes whitish-yellowish, at a break it quickly turns red, and then turns green, emits abundant non-burning milky juice of a bright orange color, sweet, slightly pungent, with a resinous smell, which after a few hours in air becomes grayish-green ...
The leg of the saffron milk cap is of a real cylindrical shape, the color is the same as that of the cap. Height 3-6 cm, thickness 1-2 cm. The flesh of the mushroom is fragile, whitish in color, when cut it changes color to bright orange, with time or when touched it can turn green, covered with a powdery coating and dotted with red pits.
The plates are yellow-orange, green when pressed, adherent, notched or weakly descending, frequent, narrow, sometimes branched.
The smell is pleasant, fruity, the taste is spicy.
The main places of growth are mountain coniferous forests of Siberia, the Urals and the European part of Russia.
Nutritional properties of this camelina:
Ryzhik is an edible mushroom of the first category .
It is mainly used for pickling and pickling, but it can also be eaten fried.
Not suitable for drying.
Before salting, mushrooms should not be soaked, as they can turn green and even blacken; it is enough to clean them of debris and rinse in cold water.
The antibiotic lactarioviolin is isolated from the present Ryzhik, which suppresses the development of many bacteria, including the causative agent of tuberculosis.