Bluefoot (Lepista saeva)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Lepista (Lepista)
- Species: Lepista saeva (Bluefoot)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Lilac-footed row
- Row lilac
- Rowing two-color
Rowing lilac-leg ;
The row is two-color ;
- Blue root ;
- Lepista personata .
The bluefoot (Lepista saeva, Lepista personata) is a mushroom from the Ryadovok genus, belonging to the Ryadovkov (Tricholomov) family. This type of mushroom is very resistant to cold weather, and its growing season can continue even when the outside air temperature drops to -4ºC or -6 ºC.
The cap at the lilac-footed row has a diameter of 6-15 cm, in shape it is pillow-shaped, flat-convex. True, there are also such blue feet, in which the caps are simply huge, and reach 20-25 cm in diameter. The surface of the mushroom cap is smooth to the touch, and in color it is yellowish with a purple tint. The flesh of the cap in this type of mushroom is dense, thick, and in mature mushrooms it turns into loose. Its color is gray-violet, sometimes gray, gray-brown, white. The pulp often emits a fruity aroma, has a pleasant sweetish aftertaste.
The fungal hymenophore is represented by the lamellar type. The plates in its composition are located freely and often, characterized by a large width, yellowish or creamy color.
The leg of the lilac ryadovka is even, slightly thickened near the base. In length, it reaches 5-10 cm, and in thickness is 2-3 cm. In young bruises, the surface of the leg is covered with flakes (the remains of the veil), its fibrous structure is noticeable. As it matures, its surface becomes smooth. The color of the leg is the same as that of the cap of the described mushrooms - grayish-purple, but sometimes it can be bluish. Actually, it is the shade of the leg that is the main distinguishing feature of the lilac-legged row.
Season and habitat of the fungus
Bluefoot (Lepista saeva, Lepista personata) belongs to the category of southern mushrooms. Sometimes it is found in the suburbs, the Ryazan region. In general, it is distributed throughout Russia. Active fruiting of the bluefoot occurs from mid-spring (April) to mid-autumn (October). The described type of mushroom chooses meadows, forests and pastures for its growth. A characteristic feature of lilac-legged rows is the principle of their arrangement. These mushrooms grow in colonies in large circles or rows. Bluefoots also love humus soils, so they can often be found near farms, in old compost pits and near residential buildings. This type of mushroom prefers to grow in open areas, but sometimes purple-footed rowers are also found in the forest. Often such mushrooms are found near deciduous trees (mainly scumpia or ash).
The nutritional properties of the lilac ryadovka are good, this mushroom has a pleasant aftertaste and is similar in taste to champignons. The bluefoot is suitable for eating, very good in pickled and boiled form.
Similar types and differences from them
A relatively short purple leg will not give you the opportunity to confuse the bluefoot with any other mushroom, even if you are an inexperienced lover of "quiet hunting". In addition, lilac-legged rowers are cold-resistant and are found in late autumn or even early winter. Other types of mushrooms do not have this feature.
Video about the bluefoot mushroom: