Grating red (Clathrus ruber)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Phallomycetidae (Veselkovye)
- Order: Phallales (Merry)
- Family: Phallaceae (Veyolkovye)
- Genus: Clathrus (Clathrus)
- View: Clathrus ruber (Grating red)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Clathrus red
- Clathrus red
The red trellis , or clathrus red , is an inedible mushroom , the only representative of the trellis family found in Russia. Listed in the Red Book of Russia .
Young fruit body of a red trellis spherical or ovoid, 5-10 cm high, 5 cm wide, with a thin disappearing outer layer of peridium and a thick gelatinous middle layer that remains. The recipe is reticulate, dome-shaped, without a stem, more often outside red, less often whitish or yellowish. On the inside, the lattice is red, covered with a greenish-olive mucous gleb. The fungus has an unpleasant odor.
Red trellis grows singly or in nests on the soil in deciduous forests, very rarely in mixed forests. Found once in the Moscow region, occasionally found in the Krasnodar Territory. On adjacent territories in the Transcaucasus and Crimea. The introduction of the species to other regions of Russia is possible. For example, in the greenhouses of the Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Leningrad, the fruit bodies of the red trellis and the Javanese florist, brought with the ground along with date palms from Sukhumi, appeared repeatedly in flower pots. Also, the red trellis was brought with the ground to the greenhouse in the city of Gorno-Altaysk in Siberia. Under favorable conditions, in such cases, acclimatization is also possible, and, consequently, the emergence of a new habitat for fungi.