Poplar (Tricholoma populinum)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Tricholoma (Tricholoma or Ryadovka)
- Species: Tricholoma populinum (Poplar)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Poplar row
- Poplar row
- Poplar row
The Poplar mushroom belongs to the lamellar mushrooms, which means that it multiplies by the spores that are in its plates.
At a young age, his plates are white or creamy, frequent and thin. And, as the fungus grows, they change their color to pinkish-brownish.
His hat at the beginning has a semi-spherical and slightly convex shape, with thin edges tucked inward, then it straightens and slightly bends, becomes fleshy, in the rain it is slightly slippery, pinkish-brownish in color. The diameter of the cap varies from 6 to 12 cm. The flesh is slightly reddish under the skin of the cap.
The stem of a row of poplar is of medium size, rather fleshy, cylindrical in shape and solid inside, with a flaky-scaly coating, fibrous and smooth, pinkish-white or pinkish-brown in color, when pressed, it becomes covered with brown spots.
The flesh of the mushroom is fleshy, soft, white, brownish under the skin, with a flour aftertaste.
Poplar grows from August to October in large groups (whole ridges) under poplars, deciduous forests with a predominance of aspen, can be found in plantings along roads, in parks. Distributed in the European part of Russia, Siberia. The mushroom has a pleasant aroma of fresh flour.
The Poplar mushroom got its name for its adaptability to grow under poplars and in the immediate vicinity of them, during the autumn leaf fall. The poplar, at a young age, is a bit like a row, crowded in color and shape, but, unlike it, it is much larger in size and has a slightly bitter taste due to the fact that it grows in such conditions that the cut mushroom is almost completely covered with sand or fine debris. It can also be confused with the poisonous tiger row. But they are distinguished by two main features. Firstly, Poplar always grows in large groups and, secondly, it always grows close to poplars.
According to its taste and consumer qualities, Poplar belongs to the edible mushrooms of the fourth category.
The poplar is a completely edible mushroom, but only after it has been washed, soaked, and boiled to eliminate bitterness. Poplar grows in deciduous plantings under poplars, well covered with fallen leaves, always in large colonies. Poplar rows are common wherever poplars grow - these are the territories of North America and Canada, Western and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, as well as central and southern Russia, the Urals, Siberia and the Far East. The main period of her growth begins in the season of autumn leaf fall, somewhere in late August, and ends at the end of October.
The poplar row is eaten exclusively in salted or pickled form after thorough washing, soaking and boiling.
Video about the Poplar mushroom: