False raincoat (Scleroderma citrinum)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Boletales
- Family: Sclerodermataceae (Sclerodermaceae or False raincoats)
- Genus: Scleroderma (False Raincoat)
- Species: Scleroderma citrinum (False raincoat)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Common pseudo-raincoat
- Raincoat orange
- Lemon raincoat
- Lemon raincoat
- Scleroderma citrinum
- Scleroderma aurantium
Fruit body: Fruit body up to 6 cm in ∅, tuberous , with a smooth or finely scaly shell, dirty yellow or brownish color. In the upper yellowish or ocher surface, when cracking, thick warts form. The lower part of the fruiting body is wrinkled and bare, slightly narrowed, with a bundle of tapered mycele fibers. The shell (peridium) is rather thick (2-4 mm). In old age, the gleb turns into an olive-brown spore powder, and the shell at the top is torn into sections of different sizes.
The inner pulp (gleb) of the fruit body is white when young. At maturity, it is violet-black , permeated with white sterile fibers, then olive-brown , powdery , the smell resembles the smell of raw potatoes. Spores are globular, reticulate-warty, dark brown.
Spores: 7-15 µm, spherical, with spines on the surface and mesh ornamentation, black-brown.
False puffball grows in deciduous and coniferous forests, along roads, along forest edges, on clay and loamy soil in August - September.
False raincoat - Not good, but only in high doses. If you mix 2-3 slices with other mushrooms - harmless. It is sometimes added to food because it tastes and smells like truffles.
Video about mushroom raincoat false: