Zelenka (Tricholoma equestre)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Tricholoma (Tricholoma or Ryadovka)
- Species: Tricholoma equestre (Zelenka)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Row green
- Sandpiper green
- Agaricus equestris
- Tricholoma flavovirens
Zelenka is a mushroom of the Tricholoma genus of the Ryadovkov family. It got its name for its green color, which remains even after cooking.
The greenfinch hat reaches a diameter of 4 to 15 centimeters. Quite dense and fleshy. While the mushroom is young, the tubercle is flatly convex in the center, later it becomes flat, the edge is sometimes raised. The color of the cap is usually greenish-yellow or yellow-olive, brownish in the center, darkens with time. In the center, the cap is finely flaked, the skin is smooth, thick, sticky and slimy, especially when the weather is damp, the surface is often covered with sand or soil particles.
The plates are from 5 to 12 mm wide, often located, thin, growing with a tooth. Color from lemon yellow to greenish yellow.
The spores are ellipsoid oval, smooth and colorless from above. Spore powder is white.
The leg is mostly hidden in the ground or very short from 4 to 9 cm and up to 2 cm thick. The shape is cylindrical, slightly thickened at the bottom, solid, the color at the leg is yellow or greenish, the base is covered with small brownish scales.
The pulp is white, turns yellow over time, if cut off the color does not change, dense. Worms in the pulp are very rare. It has a flour smell, but the taste is not expressed in any way. The smell depends on the place where the mushroom grew, it is most pronounced if the development took place near a pine tree.
Zelenka grows mainly in dry pine forests, sometimes it also occurs in mixed ones on sandy and sandy loam soil, it is found one by one and in a group of 5-8 pieces. It can grow in the neighborhood with a similar row of gray. Most often found on open soil in pine forests, when other mushrooms have already finished fruiting, from September to November until the very frost. The fungus is common in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere.
Zelenka refers to conditionally edible mushrooms, harvested and eaten in any form. Rinse thoroughly before use and handling. After culinary processing, the mushroom retains its green color, which is why its name is greenfinch.
Poisoning happens if green tea is consumed in large quantities. The toxins of the fungus attack the skeletal muscles. Symptoms of poisoning are muscle weakness, cramps, pain, dark urine.