Yellow-brown boletus (Leccinum versipelle)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Boletales
- Family: Boletaceae
- Genus: Leccinum (Obabok)
- Species: Leccinum versipelle (Boletus yellow-brown)
- Boletus red-brown
The diameter of the cap of a yellow-brown boletus is 10-20 cm (sometimes up to 30!). The color varies from yellowish-gray to bright red, the shape is initially spherical, not wider than the leg (the so-called "brisket"; it looks, you know, quite feidist), later convex, occasionally flat, dry, fleshy. At the break, it first turns purple, then becomes bluish-black. It has no special smell and taste.
The color is from white to grayish, the pores are small. Young mushrooms are often dark gray, lightening with age. The tubular layer is easily detached from the cap.
Up to 20 cm long, up to 5 cm in diameter, solid, cylindrical, thickened towards the bottom, white, sometimes greenish at the base, deeply sinking into the ground, covered with longitudinal fibrous scales of gray-black color.
Boletus yellow-brown grows from June to October in deciduous and mixed forests, forming mycorrhiza mainly with birch. In young forests, it can be found in fabulous quantities, especially in early September.
As for the number of varieties of boletus (more precisely, the number of species of mushrooms, united under the Russian name "boletus"), there is no final clarity. The red boletus (Leccinum aurantiacum), which is allied to aspen, is especially distinguished, which is distinguished by red-brown scales on the stem, not such a wide hat span and a much more solid constitution, while the yellow-brown boletus is more like a boletus (Leccinum scabrum) in texture. Other species are also mentioned, distinguishing them mainly by the type of trees with which this fungus forms mycorrhiza, but here, obviously, we are talking about individual subspecies of Leccinum aurantiacum.
Excellent edible mushroom. Slightly inferior to white.
We all love the boletus. The boletus is beautiful. Even if he does not have such a powerful "inner beauty" as the white one (although he still has some) - a bright appearance and impressive dimensions can please anyone. For many mushroom pickers, the memories of the first mushroom are associated with the boletus - the first real mushroom, not about the fly agaric and not about the russula. I remember very well how in 1983 we went to pick mushrooms - at random, not knowing the place and the road - and after several unsuccessful sorties we stopped near a modest young fishing line at the edge of the field. And there!..
I think you have already guessed what we saw there. What and how much ... And that the spare wheel had to be dragged from the trunk into the salon, because there was no room, you guessed it too ... And that the car was so overloaded that it scratched the asphalt with its belly, I won't lie. But there was simply an inexpressible mass of aspen mushrooms! Boletus and for some reason waves. In the proportion of "one boletus for two boletus". And there was a good bucket with a small one. Moreover, note that the waves are still small.
Eh! .. And where are these times? Thanks to their naive flashiness, the boletus are the first to leave our forests. In marching order, folding the banners ...