Mycena vulgaris (Mycena vulgaris)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Mycenaceae (Mycene)
- Genus: Mycena (Mycena)
- Species: Mycena vulgaris (Mycena vulgaris)
Mycena vulgaris (Mycena vulgaris) is a small-sized mushroom belonging to the Mycena family. In scientific treatises, the name of this species sounds like this: Mycena vulgaris (Pers.) P. Kumm. There are other synonyms for the species, in particular - the Latin Mycena vulgaris.
External description of the mushroom
The diameter of the cap of the common mycene is 1–2 cm. In young mushrooms it has a convex shape, subsequently becoming prostrate or broadly conical. Sometimes a tubercle is visible in the central part of the cap, but most often it is characterized by a depressed surface. The edge of the cap of this mushroom is furrowed and lighter in color. The cap itself is transparent, stripes are visible on its surface, has a gray-brown, gray-brown, pale or grayish-fawn color. It is characterized by the presence of a brown eye.
Fungus plates are rarely located, only 14-17 of them reach the surface of the mushroom stem. They have an arched shape, grayish brown or white, slimy edge. They have excellent flexibility, run down on the leg. The mushroom spore powder is white.
The length of the leg reaches 2-6 cm, and its thickness is 1-1.5 mm. It is characterized by a cylindrical shape, inside it is hollow, very rigid, and smooth to the touch. The color of the leg is light brown at the top, it becomes darker downward. At the base, it is covered with hard white hairs. The surface of the leg is slimy and sticky.
The flesh of mycene is usually whitish, has no taste, very thin. Her smell is not expressive, similar to rare. Spores have an elliptical shape, are 4-spore basidia, and are 7-8 * 3.5-4 microns in size.
Habitat and period of fruiting
The fruiting period of mycena vulgaris (Mycena vulgaris) begins at the end of summer, and continues throughout the first half of autumn. The fungus belongs to the category of litter saprotrophs, grows in groups, but the fruiting bodies do not grow together with each other. You can meet the common mycena in mixed and coniferous forests, in the middle of fallen needles. The presented species of mycene is widespread in Europe. Sometimes mycena can be found in North America and Asian countries.
The fungus mycena vulgaris (Mycena vulgaris) is mistakenly classified as inedible. In fact, it is not poisonous, and its use in food is not common due to the fact that it is too small in size, which does not allow high-quality processing of the mushroom after collection.
Similar species, distinctive features from them
On the territory of Russia, several varieties of mycene fungi are widespread, characterized by the mucous surface of the stem and cap, and also having similarities with the mycena vulgaris (Mycena vulgaris). Let's list the most famous varieties:
- Mycena is mucous. It has many subspecies, which have one common feature, namely the yellowish color of a thin leg. In addition, mucous mycenes, as a rule, have large spores of 10 * 5 microns in size, the fungus has plates adhered to the pedicle.
- Mycena rorida (Mycena rorida) which is currently synonymous with Roridomyces dewy. This type of fungus prefers to grow on rotten wood of deciduous and coniferous trees. On its leg there is a mucous cover, and the spores are larger than those of the mycene ordinary. Their size is 8-12 * 4-5 microns. Basidia are only two-spore.
The Latin name for mycena vulgaris (Mycena vulgaris) comes from the Greek word mykes, which means mushroom, as well as the Latin species term vulgaris, which is translated as ordinary.
Mycena vulgaris (Mycena vulgaris) is listed in some countries in the Red Data Books. Among such countries are Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Latvia. This type of mushroom is not listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.