Yellowish butter dish (Suillus salmonicolor)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Boletales
- Family: Suillaceae (Oily)
- Genus: Suillus (Oily)
- Species: Suillus salmonicolor (Yellowish Butter)
- Boletus salmonicolor
This mushroom belongs to the genus Oiler, family Suillaceae.
The yellowish oiler loves warmth, therefore it is found mainly on sandy soils. The easiest way to find this mushroom is in a pine forest or in the planting of these trees, if they have a good level of warming.
Mushrooms of this species can grow both as single specimens and in large groups. Their fruiting period begins at the end of May and lasts until the end of November.
The cap of a yellowish oiler, on average, grows to 3-6 centimeters in diameter. In some cases, it can reach 10 cm. The shape of a cap, close to spherical, is characteristic of a young mushroom of this species. By the time it reaches adulthood, it acquires a pillow-like or open shape. The color of the yellowish oiler cap can vary from yellowish-brown to gray-yellow, ocher-yellowish and even rich chocolate, sometimes with purple hues. The surface of the cap of this mushroom is slimy, the skin is easily removed from it.
The leg of a yellowish oiler can reach 3 centimeters in diameter. It is characterized by the presence of an oily ring. Above it, the color of the leg of this mushroom is white, and below the ring it gradually turns to yellowish. A young specimen of the fungus is characterized by a white ring color, which turns into a purple hue with maturity. The ring forms a white, sticky blanket designed to cover the spore-bearing layer in young fungi. The tubules of the yellowish oiler are characterized by ocher-yellow and other yellowish shades of color. With age, the mushroom tube gradually becomes brown.
The pores of the tubular layer of yellowish oily oils are round and small in size. The flesh of this mushroom is mainly white in color, to which yellowness is sometimes added. At the cap and the top of the stem, the flesh becomes orange-yellowish or marbled, and at the base it is slightly brownish. But, since the yellowish butter dish is very tasty not only for people, but also for forest larvae and parasites, quite often the pulp of most of the collected mushrooms turns out to be wormy.
Spore powder yellowish oiler has an ocher-brown color. The spores themselves are yellowish and smooth, their shape is fusiform. The spore size of this fungus is about 8-10 * 3-4 micrometers.
Oily yellowish - conditionally edible, since to eat it, it is necessary to remove the skin from its surface, which contributes to the occurrence of diarrhea.
It is very similar to the Siberian butterdish, but it is easily distinguished from it by a mucous ring and the formation of mycorrhiza with double pine trees. Grows in swamps and damp areas. Known in Europe; in Russia - in the European part, in Western and Eastern Siberia.