Astringent Panelus (Panellus stipticus)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Mycenaceae (Mycene)
- Genus: Panellus (Panellus)
- Species: Panellus stipticus (Panellus astringent)
Astringent Panellus (Panellus stipticus) is a bioluminescent fungus, a fairly common type of fungus with an extensive habitat.
The fruiting body of the binder panellus consists of a cap and a stem. The mushroom is characterized by leathery and thin flesh, which has a light or ocher color. She has an astringent taste, a little pungent.
The diameter of the mushroom cap is 2-3 (4) cm. Initially, its shape is kidney-shaped, but gradually, as the fruiting bodies mature, the cap becomes depressed, ear-shaped, fan-shaped, covered with grains and many small cracks. The surface of the cap is matte, and its edges are ribbed, wavy or lobed. In color, the cap of this mushroom can be pale ocher, light brown, ocher brown, or clayey.
The hymenophore of the binder panellus is represented by plates, which are characterized by a small thickness, grow to the surface of the fruiting body, are very narrow and are located at a short distance, reach almost downward along the stem of the fungus, have bridges, the same color as the cap (sometimes slightly darker than it). The color of the plates is often gray-ocher or light brown. Their edges are slightly lighter than the middle.
Season and habitat of the fungus
It is possible to meet the binder panel on a fairly large area. It grows in Asia, Europe, Australia, North America. The described type of mushrooms is found in the northern part of Russia, Siberia, the Caucasus, Primorsky Territory. But in the Leningrad region, this mushroom is practically not found.
The binder panel grows mainly in groups, on decaying stumps, logs, and deciduous tree trunks. Especially often it grows on beeches, oaks and birches. The size of the described mushroom is very small and often these mushrooms completely cling to whole stumps.
Active fruiting of binder panelus begins in the first half of August. In some literary sources it is also written that the fruiting bodies of the described fungus begin to grow actively already in spring. Until late autumn, whole colonies of astringent panellus appear on deadwood of deciduous trees and old stumps, which often grow together at their bases. You can not meet them too often, and the drying of mushrooms of the described species occurs without involving the processes of decay. In the spring you can often see the dried fruit bodies of the astringent panellus on stumps and old tree trunks.
Astringent Panellus (Panellus stipticus) belongs to the category of inedible mushrooms.
Similar types and differences from them
Panellus astringent is a little similar in appearance to an inedible mushroom called soft (tender) panellus. True, the latter is distinguished by white or whitish fruiting bodies. Such mushrooms have a very mild taste, and they grow mainly on the fallen branches of coniferous trees (more often they ate).
Other information about the mushroom
The bioluminescent properties of the binder panel are due to a chemical reaction involving luceferin (a pigment that emits light) and oxygen. The interaction of these substances leads to the fact that the tissues of the fungus begin to glow greenish in the dark.