White podgruzdok (Russula delica)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
- Order: Russulales
- Family: Russulaceae (Russula)
- Genus: Russula (Russula)
- Species: Russula delica (White podgruzdok)
The russula is pleasant
This mushroom is included in the genus Russula, belongs to the family Russula. Sometimes such a mushroom is called "Dry milk", "Rusk". This one is due to the fact that it, like two drops of water, looks like an ordinary milk mushroom, but unlike it has only a dry cap.
White podgruzdok belongs to large mushrooms. There are specimens that reach the size of a cap and up to thirty centimeters in diameter (although they are quite rare). It has a flat-convex shape, in the center there is a characteristic fossa. The edges of the cap are somewhat curved. Young mushrooms of this species have a predominantly white cap. At times, a rusty coating may appear on the cap. But the old ones are always only brown.
The cap of this mushroom changes its appearance, color depending on the age of the mushroom. Podgruzdok is white. If the mushroom is young, then the cap is convex, and the edges are wrapped. It is also characterized as "slightly tomentose". Further, the cap begins to become covered with spots: first of an indistinct, yellowish color, and then - ocher-rusty. A huge amount of soil, dirt, debris adheres to the hat, which is why it additionally changes its color.
Fungus plates are thin, narrow, usually white. At times, they are turquoise or greenish-blue. It is easy to notice if the cap is tilted a little.
The white podgruzdok is distinguished by its leg. It is strong, white in color, like the hat. It is decorated with oblong brown spots. Bottom wide, it gradually tapers upwards.
The white podgruzdok has a white, juicy flesh that gives off a pleasant strong mushroom aroma. The spore powder of such a mushroom has a white, occasionally creamy shade.
The mushroom is edible. But the taste is rather mediocre. It should be used salted and only after thorough boiling - not less than fifteen, or even twenty minutes. It can be salted and dry.
The mushroom grows from mid-summer to early October. Its habitat is birch, aspen, oak forests, mixed forests. Much less common in coniferous forests. In general, this is a fairly common type of mushroom throughout Eurasia.
- Short-legged russula (Russula brevipes) - common in North America.
- Chlorine russula or greenish russula (Russula chloroides) - lives in shady forests, it is often included in the species of podgruzdok. Has plates of bluish-green color.
- Pseudo-luxurious russula - grows under oak trees, has a yellow hat.
- Milky - has a milky sap.
The white diaper mushroom looks like an edible violin. It differs from it in the absence of white juice, bluish-green plates. The mushroom differs from the edible pepper mushroom in more frequent small plates, and it also has no juice of a milky consistency.