Serushka (Tricholoma portentosum)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Tricholoma (Tricholoma or Ryadovka)
- Species: Tricholoma portentosum (Serushka)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Row gray
- Sandpiper gray
The row is dashed
- The row is strange
- Sandpiper gray
- Agaricus portentosus
- Gyrophila portentosa
- Gyrophila sejuncta var. portentosa
- Melanoleuca portentosa
Cap : 4-12, up to 15 centimeters in diameter, broadly bell-shaped, convex-outstretched with age, then flat-outstretched; in adult specimens, the edge of the cap may be slightly wavy and fissured. A wide tubercle remains in the center. Light gray, darker with age, with a yellowish or greenish tint. The skin of the cap is smooth, dry, pleasant to the touch, in wet weather it is sticky, covered with pressed fibers of a darker, blackish color radiating radially from the center of the cap, therefore the center of the cap is always darker than the edges.
Leg : 5-8 (and up to 10) centimeters long and up to 2.5 cm thick. Cylindrical, sometimes slightly thickened at the base, can be curved and go deep into the soil. White, grayish, grayish-yellowish, light lemon-yellowish, slightly fibrous in the upper part or may be covered with very small dark scales.
Plates : adherent with a tooth, medium frequency, wide, thick, thinning towards the edge. White in young mushrooms, with age - grayish, with yellowish spots or completely yellowish, lemon-yellow.
Bedspread, ring, volva: none.
Spore powder : white
Spores : 5-6 x 3.5-5 microns, colorless, smooth, broadly ellipsoid or ovate-ellipsoid.
Flesh : The gray ryadovka is rather fleshy in the cap, where the flesh is white, under the skin it is gray. The leg is dense with yellowish flesh, yellowness is more intensely manifested with mechanical damage.
Smell : mild, pleasant, mushroom and a little floury, in old mushrooms sometimes unpleasant, floury.
Taste : soft, sweetish.
Season and distribution
From autumn to winter frosts. With a slight freezing, it completely restores taste. Earlier it was indicated that Serushka grows mainly in the southern regions (Crimea, Novorossiysk, Mariupol), but its region is much wider, it is found throughout the temperate zone. Recorded in Western Siberia. Fruiting unevenly, often in large groups.
The fungus appears to form mycorrhiza with pine. It grows on sandy soil in pine and pine-mixed forests and old plantings. It often grows in the same places as Green Ryadovka (green tea,). According to some reports, it also occurs on rich soils in deciduous forests with the participation of beech and linden (information from the STP).
A good edible mushroom, used after heat treatment (boiling). Suitable for preservation, salting, pickling, you can eat freshly prepared. It can also be harvested for future use by drying. It is important that even very adults retain their taste (not bitter).
M. Vishnevsky notes the medicinal properties of this row, in particular, the antioxidant effect.
There are a great many rows with a predominance of the gray scale in the color, let's name only the main similar ones.
An inexperienced mushroom picker may confuse Ryadovka gray with the poisonous Ryadovka pointed (Tricholoma virgatum), which has a bitter taste and a more pronounced, spicy tubercle.
The earthy-gray (earthy) row (Tricholoma terreum) does not turn yellow with age and on damage, in addition, very young specimens of Tricholoma terreum have a private veil that decays very quickly.
Row Gulden (Tricholoma guldeniae) is more tied to spruce than pine and prefers to grow on loamy or calcareous soils, while Serushka prefers sandy soils.