Umbrella girl (Leucoagaricus nympharum)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Agaricaceae (Champignon)
- Genus: Leucoagaricus (Belochampignon)
- Species: Leucoagaricus nympharum (Umbrella maiden)
A maiden's umbrella (Latin Leucoagaricus nympharum) is a mushroom of the mushroom family. In the old taxonomy systems, it belonged to the genus Macrolepiota and was considered a species of blush umbrella mushroom. Edible, but since it is rare and subject to protection, it is not recommended to collect it.
Description of the girl's umbrella
The hat of a maiden's umbrella is 4-7 (10) cm in diameter, thinly fleshy, initially ovoid, then convex, bell-shaped or umbellate, with a low tubercle, the edge is thin, fringed. The surface is very light, sometimes almost white, the tubercle is brownish, bare, the rest of the surface is densely covered with large fibrous scales, at first they are white or light hazel, then darken, especially in the center of the cap.
The flesh of the cap is white, at the base of the stem it turns slightly red on the cut, with a radish smell and without a pronounced taste.
Leg 7-12 (16) cm high, 0.6-1 cm thick, cylindrical, tapering upwards, with tuberous thickening at the base, sometimes curved, hollow, fibrous. The surface of the leg is smooth, whitish, becomes dirty brownish over time.
The plates are frequent, free, with a thin cartilaginous collarium, with a smooth edge, easily detached from the cap. Their color is initially white with a pinkish tint, becomes darker with age, and turns brown from the touch of the plate.
The remains of the bedspread: the ring at the top of the leg is whitish, wide, mobile, with a wavy edge, covered with a flaky coating; Volvo is missing.
Spore powder is white or slightly creamy.
Ecology and distribution
The maiden's umbrella grows on soil in pine and mixed forests, in meadows, appears singly or in groups, rarely occurs. Distributed in Eurasia, known in the British Isles, France, Germany, Finland, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Estonia, Ukraine, in the north of the Balkan Peninsula. In Russia, it is found in the Primorsky Territory, on Sakhalin, very rarely in the European part.
Season : August - October.
Red umbrella (Chlorophyllum rhacodes) with a darker colored cap and intensely colored pulp on the cut, larger.
View in the Red Book
In many regions of distribution, the girl's umbrella is rare and requires protection. It was listed in the Red Data Book of the USSR, now - in the Red Data Book of Russia, Belarus, and in many regional Red Data Books.
Abundance : In all regions, populations are small and subject to significant fluctuations.