Melanoleuca striped (Melanoleuca grammopodia)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Tricholomataceae (Tricholomaceae or Ordinary)
- Genus: Melanoleuca (Melanoleuca)
- Species: Melanoleuca grammopodia (Melanoleuca striped)
Synonyms for the main name of the species are the Latin terms:
- Melanoleuca grammopodium ,
- Gyrophila grammopodia ,
- Tricholoma grammopodium ,
- Entoloma placenta .
Malanoleuca striped (Melanoleuca grammopodia) is a fungus of the Tricholomataceae family.
External description of the mushroom
The fruiting body of the striped melanoleuca consists of a cylindrical and slightly thickened leg at the bottom, and an initially convex and subsequently outstretched cap.
The length of a mushroom leg does not exceed 10 cm, and its diameter varies within 0.5-2 cm. Longitudinal fibers of a dark brown color are visible on the surface of the leg. If you cut off the leg at the base, then that place is sometimes brown or dark gray. The leg is characterized by great rigidity.
The diameter of the mushroom cap can be up to 15 cm. In mature mushrooms, the cap is characterized by a lowered edge, high density, a depressed surface and a characteristic tubercle in the center. Its top layer is smooth and matte skin, which can be slightly shiny. The color of the cap of the striped-legged malanoleuca is different: off-white, ocher, nutty. As the mushroom matures, the color of the cap becomes faded.
The lamellar hymenophore, located on the inner side of the cap, is represented by often located, convoluted plates, which can sometimes be forked, serrated and grow to the stem of the fungus. Initially, the plates are white, but later become creamy.
The pulp of the described type of mushroom is elastic, has a whitish-gray color, and becomes brown in ripe fruit bodies. The smell of the pulp is inexpressive, but often unpleasant, musty and mealy. Her taste is sweetish.
Habitat and period of fruiting
Melanoleuca striped (Melanoleuca grammopodia) grows in deciduous and mixed forests, in parks, gardens, pine forests, meadows, meadows, forest edges, well-lit grassy places. Sometimes it grows on the side of roads, in groups or singly. When warm weather is established in spring, striped-legged malanoleucks can appear even in the month of April, but usually the period of mass fruiting of this type of mushroom begins in May. From July to September, small groups of striped-legged malanoleuca or solitary mushrooms are found in spruce forests.
The mushroom is edible, it can be used in any form, even fresh, without prior boiling. Striped melanoleuca is good when boiled.
Similar species, distinctive features from them
There are no similar types of mushrooms in melanoleuca striped pegs.