Yellow-skinned champignon (Agaricus xanthodermus)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Agaricaceae (Champignon)
- Genus: Agaricus (Champignon)
- Species: Agaricus xanthodermus (Yellow-skinned champignon)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Red champignon
- Yellow-skinned peasant
Yellow-skinned champignon is also called yellow-skinned peppermint . The fungus is very poisonous, poisoning with it leads to vomiting and numerous disorders in the body. The danger of the peppers lies in the fact that in their appearance it is very similar to many edible mushrooms, which, for example, are edible champignons.
The yellow-skinned peasant is decorated with a yellow-skinned white cap with a brownish blotch in the center. When pressed, the cap becomes yellowish. Mature mushrooms have a bell-shaped cap, while young mushrooms have a rather large and rounded cap, reaching fifteen centimeters in diameter.
The plates are at first white or pinkish; with age, the fungus becomes gray-brown.
The leg is 6-15 cm long and up to 1-2 cm in diameter, white, hollow, tuberous-thickened at the base with a wide white, thickened at the edge of the two-layer ring.
The flesh, brownish in color, at the base of the leg turns rather yellow. During heat treatment, the pulp emits an unpleasant, increasing phenolic smell.
The emerging spore powder is colored dark brown.
Yellow-skinned champignon bears fruit actively in summer and autumn. It appears especially in abundant quantities after rains. It is found not only in mixed forests, but also in parks, in gardens, in all areas overgrown with grass. This type of mushroom is widespread throughout the world.
Habitat: from July to early October in deciduous forests, parks, gardens, meadows.
The fungus is poisonous and causes stomach upset.
The chemical composition of this mushroom is currently not established, but, despite this, the mushroom is used in folk medicine.
Video about yellow-skinned champignon mushroom:
Distinctive features of the yellow-skinned champignon from the edible mushroom are its yellowing places when touched and an unpleasant phenolic odor emitted.
Professional mushroom pickers easily distinguish yellow-skinned champignon from edible types of mushrooms, knowing its signs. But inexperienced amateurs mushroom pickers need to recognize and distinguish the distinctive features of this poisonous mushroom. A mushroom mistakenly eaten will cause poisoning, albeit mild, but quite unpleasant for a person.
The name comes from "xanthos" (Greek) - yellow and "derma" (Greek) - leather.