Mayra's russula (Russula nobilis)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Incertae sedis (undefined)
- Order: Russulales
- Family: Russulaceae (Russula)
- Genus: Russula (Russula)
- Species: Russula nobilis (Mayra's russula)
- Other names for the mushroom:
- Russula noticeable
The russula is noticeable;
- Russula fageticola;
- Russula fagetorum.
Mayra's russula has a cap-toed fruiting body, with dense white flesh, which may have a slightly reddish tint under the skin. The pulp of this mushroom is characterized by a pungent taste and aroma of honey or fruit. Upon contact with a solution of guaiacum, it intensively changes its color to a brighter one.
The cap of Mayr's russula is 3 to 9 cm in diameter, and has a hemispherical shape in young fruiting bodies. As the mushroom matures, it becomes flat, sometimes slightly convex or slightly depressed. The color of the cap of Mayr's russula is initially deep red, but gradually fades, becoming reddish-pink. The skin adheres tightly to the surface of the cap and can only be removed at the edges.
The leg of Mayr's russula is characterized by a cylindrical shape, very dense, often white in color, but at the base it can be brownish or yellowish. The fungal hymenophore is represented by the lamellar type. The plates in its composition at first have a whitish color, in mature fruiting bodies they become creamy, often grow with the edges to the surface of the leg.
Fungal spores in Mayr's russula are 6.5-8 * 5.5-6.5 microns in size, have a well-developed mesh. Their surface is covered with warts, and their shape is obovate.
Season and habitat of the fungus
Meir's russula are widespread throughout southern Europe. You can meet this species only in deciduous beech forests.
Mayr's russula is considered a slightly poisonous, inedible mushroom. Many gourmets are repelled by the bitter taste of the pulp. When consumed raw, it may not provoke severe poisoning of the gastrointestinal tract.
Similar types and differences from them
Mayr's russula has several similar species:
1. Russula luteotacta - this type of mushroom can be found mainly in hornbeams. Distinctive features of the species are spores of a non-reticular structure, the flesh, which acquires a rich yellow color when damaged, weakly descending down the pedicle of the plate.
2. Russula emetica. This type of mushroom is found mainly in coniferous forests, has a rich color of the cap, the shape of which becomes funnel-shaped with age.
3. Russula persicina. This species grows mainly under beeches, and its main distinguishing features are a cream-colored spore powder, a reddish stem and yellowish plates in old mushrooms.
4. Russula rosea. This type of mushroom grows mainly in beech forests, has a pleasant taste and a reddish stem.
5. Russula rhodomelanea. This type of fungus grows under oak trees and is characterized by sparsely spaced blades. Its pulp turns black when the fruit body dries.
6. Russula grisescens. The fungus grows in coniferous forests, and its pulp turns gray upon contact with water or in high humidity.