Fly agaric (Amanita verna)Systematics:
- Department: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
- Subdivision: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
- Class: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
- Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
- Order: Agaricales (Agaric or Lamellar)
- Family: Amanitaceae (Amanitaceae)
- Genus: Amanita (Amanita)
- Species: Amanita verna (Amanita muscaria (Amanita muscaria))
Amanita muscaria grows in moist coniferous and mixed forests in June - August. The whole mushroom is white.
The hat is 3.5-10 cm in ∅, first round-conical , then half-spread , in
in the middle depressed or with a tubercle, with a slightly ribbed edge, silky when dry.
The pulp is white, with an unpleasant taste and smell.
The plates are frequent, loose, white or slightly pinkish. Spore powder is white.
Spores are ellipsoidal, smooth.
Leg 7-12 cm long, 0.7-2.5 cm ∅, hollow, cylindrical, tuber-like swollen at the base, fibrous, with flaky scales. The volva is loose, cup-shaped, covers the tuberous base of the leg 3-4 cm in height. The ring is wide, silky, slightly striped.
The mushroom is deadly poisonous.
Similarity: with an edible white float, from which it differs in the presence of a ring and an unpleasant odor. It differs from an edible white umbrella in the presence of a volva, a less firm stem (for umbrellas it is hard-fibrous) and an unpleasant odor. It differs from edible volvariella by the presence of a ring, a pure white cap (grayish and sticky in volvariella) and an unpleasant odor